I talked about this in my Last Impressions podcast last week, but Megan McArdle’s article about Utah’s success with income equality and other social markers deserves additional attention. One thesis is Utah succeeds by mixing people of different socio-economic backgrounds:
Sims has looked at what happens to kids from schools in pairs of counties located along state borders, which provides something close to a natural experiment. Adjacent counties can be assumed to have broad overlap in the kind of people and businesses that locate there but will, because of their different state governments, have different levels of school funding and institutional practices. Sims found this made “almost no difference.”
So he asked, in his words, “What are schools doing?” Answer: exposing students to social networks that aren’t like theirs.
I’d suggest that McArdle pulls up short on this count, especially with regard to comparing Utah to other parts of the country. She segues into a discussion of racial homogeneity and the state’s racial past, but a different focus might be more relevant.
The prominent Mormonism in Utah introduces a strong influence to celebrate middle-class values. When schools and the broader society mix children of diverse backgrounds and encourage the disadvantaged ones to emulate those with stronger family backgrounds, that’s helpful. In more-socially-liberal areas, the mixing can go the other way if adversity or victimhood status bring the social value.