What if, all of a sudden, the force of gravity doubled throughout the universe? This, according to social scientist Jonathan Haidt, is analogous to what society has experienced with the rapid effect of social media on human nature.
The implications for political science are particularly immediate:
… in “Federalist No. 10,” James Madison wrote about his fear of the power of “faction,” by which he meant strong partisanship or group interest that “inflamed [men] with mutual animosity” and made them forget about the common good. He thought that the vastness of the United States might offer some protection from the ravages of factionalism, because it would be hard for anyone to spread outrage over such a large distance. Madison presumed that factious or divisive leaders “may kindle a flame within their particular States, but will be unable to spread a general conflagration through the other States.” The Constitution included mechanisms to slow things down, let passions cool, and encourage reflection and deliberation.
The palliative effect of time and distance apply on a smaller scale, too. Even in a relatively small community, when people were having their feuds either face-to-face or in the necessarily well-paced medium of letters to the editor, they could not spread as broadly or as powerfully. Now the group think and the side-picking spreads at the speed of the Internet, and as I’ve recently written, there is no escaping it.
While he captures something in social media and offers some suggestions for adding a little distance and friction to its processes, Haidt doesn’t go far enough in assigning responsibility to changes in society with which social media interacts. A need for space and friction is also why our system limits the activities that we pursue through government, with its powers to tax, regulate, and police.
As government becomes an increasingly efficient way to impose our wills on each other, not only does it become easier to accomplish that goal, but the stakes go up for winning the fight. The attractiveness of leveraging the tools of social warfare goes up even as the opportunity to defend against them goes down.
This is much like campaign finance reform. We can make changes around the edges, but the only way to really “get the money out of politics” is to reduce the value of winning. The same is true of social media. The nasties have escaped the bag, so the better approach would be to become the type of society in which their bad effects will do less harm.